Photographer's Note

Cross section of a castle moat showing how difficult it would be for an attacker to climb up this wall especially if the defenders are pouring hot oil and throwing rocks etc. It is likely the moat would have water too to make it more of a challenge. Makes you wonder whether humans will ever be at peace with one another. This is from 1600s amd there are still plenty of wars going on. Unbeliveable.
Nagoya Castle is a historical place. This was designed in the days of Sumarai warriors. The original was virtually completely destroyed and then rebuilt in the 1950s. The good thing about the modern rebuild is there are now elevators and proper lighting etc in this place of huge significance. Taken on a cloudy day the sky was gray rather than blue. If any TE member can do a WS to create a blue sky it would be welcomed.
Scanned from old-style photo so not 100%.

Alternate Name: Kinshachi-jo Founder Tokugawa Ieyasu Year 1612 Reconstructed 1959 (concrete) Type Flatland Structure 5 levels, 7 stories Artifacts 3 yagura and 2 gates.
Had it not been destroyed by the bombing of World War 2, Nagoya Castle may have been more splendid than Himeji Castle with its original donjon and lord's palace.
They are currently rasining funds to rebuild the palace. In 1610 Tokugawa Ieyasu ordered the construction of Nagoya-jo to solidify the Tokugawa authority in Owari (Nagoya and vicinity).

The castle was completed in 1612 and Tokugawa's ninth son Yoshinao entered the castle in 1616 from which he governed over Owari.

Nagoya-jo is famous for the 2 golden shachihoko that adorn the top of its donjon. That is why it is also known as "Kinshachi-jo." Kin means "gold" and shachi refers to the killer whale type mythical creatures that sit atop the donjon and other castle structures.

The purpose of water defenses was to prevent the castle from being besieged. Sappers found it difficult to tunnel under a moat; attackers could not wade across, for fear of drowning in the deep waters; attackers would not dare swim across the moat, as it presented too big of a target for the castle guards and made them very vulnerable. Attackers were known to use portable bridges, or barges, to span the moat and besiege a castle.

There is a myth that alligators or crocodiles were placed in the moats. This is not true. Some moats did have eels and other kinds of fish in them for food. Sometimes, sharpened sticks (bungy sticks) were placed in the moat to prevent attackers from safely entering it.

Some castles, like Caerphilly Castle in Wales, sit in the middle of artificial lakes, but most had simple moats. Some moats only surrounded parts of the castle. Sometimes, water defenses were used along with other natural defenses, such as a cliff or river. Moats often ranged between 3 and 30 feet in depth, and were typically well over 12 feet in width. They reached the peak of their development in the 13th century, and went out of fashion in the late 16th century.

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Additional Photos by Murray Lines (MLINES) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2255 W: 203 N: 2719] (12516)
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