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I continue about the Russian bell ringing.
Russian Orthodox bell ringing has a history starting from the baptism of Rus in 988 and plays an important role in the traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Church bells are rung to:

Summon the faithful to services
Express the triumphal joy of the Christian Church
Announce important moments
Proclaim important events, such as the death of a member of the church; the arrival of an important person, such as the bishop or civil ruler; an emergency such as fire or flood; or victory in battle (as dramatically recreated in the triumphant conclusion of the 1812 Overture).

The use of bells is not only practical, but is also considered to be spiritual. Bells are sometimes referred to as "singing icons", because they establish the acoustic space of an Orthodox temple just as painted icons and hymnography define its visual and noetic space, respectively.
Instead of bells the loudspeakers were installed.
I have read somewhere, that they believed the bells had soul and when bell brought bad news the tsar ordered to punish it and be melt.
After the Bolshevik Revolution, the Soviet Union severely persecuted Christianity. Numerous bells were destroyed and during certain periods the production of church bells all but stopped. Instead of bells the loudspeakers were installed. After the fall of the Iron Curtain the production of bells resumed, and has experienced a surge of activity as many of the churches that were destroyed are being rebuilt.

For English friends: Three 17th Century Russian Orthodox Church Bells are in Arundel Castle, West Sussex United Kingdom. These bells were taken as trophies from Sevastopol at the conclusion of the Crimean War in 1856.

Here on the photo another bell tower, this time from Suzdal from the Saviour Monastery of St. Euthymius.
The monastery was founded in the 14th century, and grew in importance in the 16th and 17th centuries after donations by Vasili III, Ivan IV and the Pozharsky family, a noble dynasty of the region. Among the buildings erected during this period were the Assumption Church, the bell tower, the surrounding walls and towers, and the seven-domed Cathedral of the Transfiguration of the Saviour.

In the Workshop the front view (a bit noisy, unfortunately)

tyro, snunney, mirosu, adramad, photoray, ikeharel, jjcordier, josepmarin, ChrisJ, annjackman ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 12077 W: 126 N: 30792] (143582)
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