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Kovilj
The existence of the village after found traces dating back 5,500 years BC . The village has existed during the reign of the Romans and Avars . The first written evidence of this village were created only in the XIII century, when it was called Kabul. Kovilj at the end of XVIII century got its name from one sort of flower grass.

Today in Kovilj still exists division into the lower (Šanački) and uper (Gornji Kovilj). Donji (lower) Kovilj developed with the monastery and existed even before the Great Migrations and arrival of Arsenije III Čarnojević 1650.

The inhabitants lived on fishing , hunting , wood cutting by marshes and military service. Residens of Kovilj were good soldiers who kept watch at the "Koviljski šančevi" (Kovilj Moat) and prevented incursions by the Turks in Austria-Hungary. From that time remained a habit that people from the Lower Kovilja called "Šančani". Upper Kovilj arises settling of Serbs from Subotica in 1746. These Serbs were the only soldiers who belonged to the "Šajkaška battalion" as crews scurry wooden boats who fought on the Danube, Sava and Tisa preventing attacks against the Turks. Since 1870, when construction of embankments on the Danube and deforestation are changing and the interest of residents for jobs. Begins dealing with agriculture and production of bricks.

Near Kovilj is located Special Nature Reserve Koviljsko-Petrovardinski Rit. It is a complex of marshes and forest ecosystems with numerous biocoenoses integrated into a functional whole.

The core values of this area are represented by the preserved and diverse indigenous orographic and hydrographic forms of marshes (islands, backwaters, ponds, swamps); the preserved, abundant indigenous plant communities in marshes (forests, meadows, reeds, rushes); the diversity and abundance of fauna (172 species of birds and 46 species of fish) and particularly by the presence of rare and endangered species

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Additional Photos by Aleksandar Dekanski (dekanski) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 307 W: 125 N: 960] (6613)
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