Foto

Photographer's Note

The Safavid caravanserai is located at Bisutun, an archeological site on the ancient caravan route between Hamadan and Kermanshah, thirty-two kilometers to the east of Kermanshah. It was built in 1681-85 (1092-1096 A.H.) during the reign of Shah Sulayman I (reg. 1666-1693) by Shaikh Ali Khan Zangana, to replace the ruined Buyid Caravanserai to its north. Although its original entrance pavilion is ruined, most of the caravanserai is still in good condition.
Oriented north-south along its longer axis, the caravanserai measures eighty meters by ninety meters and is built of brick on a base course of stone. Centered on a courtyard measuring fifty by fifty two meters (another source says forty-two by forty-eight and a half meters), the mosque is a four-iwan construction, in which each iwan is flanked by equal number of vaulted rooms (three) per side, with a room at each corner composed of 3 separate cells. Four corridors, found between the corner room and the third room from the iwan on the east and west sides, access the vaulted stables that encircle the back of the courtyard-facing room. The outer ring formed by the stables is broken by the central iwan on the north and south sides, and by a wall that continues from the back of the central iwan on the east and west.

The two northern and southern iwans are deeper than those to the east and west. The southern (entrance) iwan is the tallest among the iwans, rising to twice the height of the rooms flanking it. The corners of the courtyard are chamfered, allowing for the four five-sided rooms at the four corners of the courtyard.

Sources:

Haji-Qassemi, Kambiz (ed). 2005. Cyclopedia of Iranian Islamic Architecture. Vol. 17. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University and Rowzaneh, 46-51.

Kleiss, Wolfram. "Safavid Carevanserais," In Safavid Art and Architecture, ed. Sheila R. Canby, 27. London: The British Museum Press, 2002.

Luschey, Heinz. 1982. "Bisotun II: Archeology." Encyclopedia Iranica Online. http://www.iranica.com. [Accessed February 22, 2006]

Kermanshah Cultural Heritage Organization Website.http://www.kermanshahmiras.ir/La_site/Historical.asp. [Accessed March 2, 2006]

Nobody ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

Photo Information
Viewed: 2570
Points: 0
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by habib alizadeh (habib29t) Silver Note Writer [C: 0 W: 0 N: 15] (96)
  • Azarbayjan-e Khavari photo
    #
  • Azarbayjan-e Khavari photo
    #
  • Azarbayjan-e Khavari photo
    #
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH