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The site's Iranian name is Takht-é Jamshid,"The throne of Jamshid", a mythical King of Iran.
The site is located in the plain of Marv Dasht,60km North-East of Shiraz and 420km South of Esfahan on an altitude of 1,800 meters.The exact date of the foundation of Persepolis is not known. It is assumed that Darius I began work at the end of VI century B.C.,although more than a century passed before it was finally completed. The splendor of Persepolis, however, was short-lived. The palaces were looted and burned by Alexander the Great in 330 B.C. The ruins were not excavated until an American sponsored archaeological expedition to Persepolis from 1931 to 1939.
In the background of the photo You can see "The Gate of All Nations",built by Xerxes. All visitors had to pass through this gate which was the only entrance to the terrace, on their way to the Throne Hall to pay homage to the king.

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