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This picture shows ruins of Hierapolis in the present day Turkey adjacent to more famous Pamukkale. You can read more about the location at the end of this note.

It is again this time of the year when people in the UK start wearing red poppies. You can read more about the concept in the excerpt from Wikipedia below. I think it is a beautiful tradition. Obviously soldiers not always die fighting for the noble causes, but even if so I don’t think it is their fault. I think the concept is to celebrate the people who sacrificed their lives or veterans. I doubt anybody actually celebrates the war itself.

My father remembers the World War II and he told me that he remembers at first German soldiers, poor scared hungry young boys coming to their house to get some food. Later again it was Russian poor scared hungry young boys. Although they were formally both aggressors and occupants, my father always talks about them with a great compassion.

In Poland red poppies are also a symbol related to the war and also because of a military song: “Red Poppies on Monte Cassino”. It was composed in relation to the Battle of Monte Cassino. It was one of the important battles of WWII. Wikipedia says: In early 1944 a German stronghold, dug in at the ancient Benedictine monastery atop Monte Cassino, had blocked the Allies' advance toward Rome. The forces of several Allied countries had attempted since mid-January to capture the German fortress. For a fourth major assault, which would begin on 11 May 1944, Polish troops were rotated in. On 18 May 1944, the day following the song's composition, the Poles stormed and captured the precincts of the Monte Cassino monastery.
It was supposedly a bloody massacre on a field with red poppies. They have won but not many have survived.

Remembrance poppy is an artificial flower that has been used since 1921 to commemorate military personnel who have died in war, and represents a common or field poppy, Papaver rhoeas. Inspired by the World War I poem "In Flanders Fields" they were first adopted by the American Legion to commemorate American soldiers killed in that war (1914–1918). They were then adopted by military veterans' groups in parts of the British Empire.
The Royal British Legion's Poppy Appeal has caused some controversy, with some—including British Army veterans—arguing that it has become excessive, is being used to marshal support behind British military campaigns, and that public figures are pressured to wear poppies.


Hierapolis (Ancient Greek: Ἱεράπολις, lit. "Holy City") was an ancient city located on hot springs in classical Phrygia in southwestern Anatolia. Its ruins are adjacent to modern Pamukkale in Turkey and currently comprise an archaeological museum designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The hot springs have been used as a spa since the 2nd century BC, with many patrons retiring or dying there. The large necropolis is filled with sarcophagi, most famously that of Marcus Aurelius Ammianos, which bears a relief depicting the earliest known example of a crank and rod mechanism.
The great baths were constructed with huge stone blocks without the use of cement and consisted of various closed or open sections linked together. There are deep niches in the inner section, including the bath, library, and gymnasium.


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Additional Photos by Mariusz Kamionka (mkamionka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5253 W: 103 N: 13417] (53864)
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