Photographer's Note

This picture (scanned from a Kodachrome 64 slide) was taken in 1986 during my only ever visit to London and shows the north-eastern end of the Houses of Parliament with the famous Clock Tower seen at sunset from the Westminster Bridge.

The Clock Tower was Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin last design before his final descent into madness and death. Designed in Pugin’s celebrated Gothic Revival style the tower is 96.3 metres high. The bottom 61 metres of the structure consists of brickwork with sand coloured Anston limestone cladding. The remainder of the tower's height is a framed spire of cast iron. The tower is founded on a 15 metre square raft, made of 3 metre thick concrete, at a depth of 4 metres below ground level. The four clock faces are 55 metres above ground.

Because of changes in ground conditions since construction (notably due to the excavation and construction of the tunnel for the Jubilee Line extension), the tower leans slightly to the north-west, by roughly 220 millimetres at the clock face, giving an inclination of approximately 1/250. Due to thermal effects it oscillates annually by a few millimetres east and west.

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Additional Photos by Antonio Ribeiro (ribeiroantonio) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4685 W: 455 N: 6473] (22730)
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