Photographer's Note

Tamil Nadu - Madurai - Inside the Thirumalai Nayak Palace

The second biggest attraction of Madurai is the crumbling palace of King Thirumalai Nayak.
Although the original complex was four times larger than what we can see today, it remains an enormous and beautiful palace.
My main photo shows one of the multiple domes on the inside. See also the pictures in the WS.

King Thirumalai Nayak ruled Madurai between A.D 1623 and 1659.
His contributions are found in the many splendid buildings and temples of Madurai.

The palace was built in 1636 with the help of an Italian architect.
What we can see today is the main palace where King Thirumalai Nayak lived.
Inside the complex you can find the royal residence, a theatre, a shrine, apartments, an armoury, a palanquin place, the royal bandstand, quarters, a pond and a garden.
There were daily dance and music performances.

Later the palace was destroyed by grandson Chokkanatha Nayak and the valuables were transferred to other places.
Today the spacious rectangular courtyard called the Swarga Vilasam and a few adjoining buildings survive. Their awesome scale evokes the grandeur of a vanished era.
The courtyard measures 3.900 sqare meter and is surrounded by massive circular pillars. See picture in the WS.

Information from:, from my travel guide and from Wikipedia.

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Additional Photos by Paul VDV (PaulVDV) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5454 W: 17 N: 13214] (52948)
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