Photographer's Note

Memorial to the victims of Communism (Pomník obětem komunismu), Újezd, Prague, September 23, 2008
The memorial (creators: Zdeněk Hölzel, Jan Kerel, Olbram Zoubek), located at the base of Petřín hill, is dedicated to all victims, not only those who were jailed or executed but also those whose lives were ruined by totalitarian despotism. A bronze strip that runs along the centre of the memorial shows estimated numbers of those impacted by Communism in 1948-1989: 205,486 arrested, 170,938 forced into exile, 4,500 died in prison, 327 shot trying to escape, 248 executed.
Prior to the memorial being unveiled, there were reports in the local media about an apparent political row over who should attend the ceremony. President Václav Havel, a leading dissident in the communist era was not invited until the last minute, and then declined to attend.The memorial has not been universally welcomed, with some artists saying the memorial is kitsch and others critical that female figures women were not included. One of the statues was damaged during two bomb blasts in 2003, no group has admitted carrying out the attacks.

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