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The Chateau d'If

Everyone knows the famous "Count of Monte Cristo" (1844) by Alexandre Dumas. A somewhat different presentation of the Chateau d'If prison Abbe Faria, Edmond DANTES and the Iron Mask, by my choice of frame. Many pictures show this strong, but I found it interesting that you present it in its context: an island often buffeted by the mistral, as the ferry on which I was.

The fort was wanted by François 1st to protect the coast, a fleet of galleys and monitor royal Marseille newly annexed by France in 1480. This is the first royal fortress, the second being the Fort Notre Dame (1536): future site of "Notre Dame de la Garde".
Its construction lasted from 1527-1529, on an island in the archipelago of Friuli, near the Islands Ratonneau and Pomègues the center of Marseille.
It is a square fort of 3 floors with a height of 28m flanked by three towers: St. Christopher tower, St. Jaume tower, Maugovert tower.
Vauban reshuffled his entry by adding a guard house (Vauban barracks) in 1702.
The fort quickly became a state prison where Protestants were imprisoned (religious war) and Republicans (1848).
The most famous prisoners were the Marquis de Sade, Comte de Mirabeau, Louis Auguste Blanqui.
The remains of General Kleber, who was assassinated in Cairo was lodged in one of its cells.

Shuttles will align according to the weather this island for sightseeing.

dkmurphys ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

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Additional Photos by Marie TADDEI (Nolme) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 238 W: 42 N: 1019] (6829)
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