Photographer's Note

Symbol of Pécs - The secessionist Zsolnay well, Pécs

The secessionist Zsolnay well made using eosin stands in front of the Church of the Hospitaller Brothers. The well stands near the place where the Turkish "Kaadi's spring" used to stand until 1892. Miklós Zsolnay volunteered that he would donate an ornamental eosin well to the town to honour the memory of his father, the factory-founder Vilmos Zsolnay. The well was built according to the plans of the Pécs architect, Andor Pilch in 1912, however it was not erected until 1930 due to reasons of bureaucracy and World War I. The well, especially the outflow shaping the head of an ox has now become a symbol of Pécs. A piece of the golden treasures unearthed in Nagyszentmiklós, a drinking vessel, served as a sample. Its material is pyro-granite, while the ornamental elements are covered with yellowish-green eosin glaze. The four water basins with the ox-headed outflows are situated in a way that could remind the observer of a four-leafed clove, while the basins are supported by thick columns. On the northern and southern sides the coat of arms of the town are displayed while the western and eastern sides show the emblem of the Zsolnay factory portraying five towers. You may receive further information on the history and explanation of the coat of arms at the exhibition of the Historical Museum of the City of Pécs, while you can get acquainted with the history and the products of the Zsolnay Factory in the Zsolnay Museum.


Pécs is one of the most important intellectual, spiritual, cultural and economic centres of Southern Transdanubia. Combined with its priceless heritage sites, its lively cultural scene, theatres and museums, and the surrounding holiday resorts make the town a popular tourist centre.
First named Sopianae, the settlement came under the authority of the Roman Empire in 10 BC. The early Christian period of Sopianae is preserved by the Early Christian Necropolis uncovered in the area in front of the current Cathedral around the former Mons Sacrum (Sacred Hill). This unique heritage complex was entered onto the World Heritage Sites.
The first Hungarian king, St Stephen, established the bishopric and the cathedral of Pécs in a charter dated 23rd August 1009 in Győr. The first Hungarian university was founded here by the Anjou King Louis I the Great in 1367. The period between 1459 and 1472 was the era of Bishop Janus Pannonius and the flowering of Renaissance culture in Pécs. This spirit can still be traced in the features in the town centre, a district that is made even more special by the numerous characteristic buildings surviving from the Turkish times.
The most famous of the major factories in Pécs is the Zsolnay Porcelain Manufacture. The world-famous products made in this works over the past century can be seen not only in the local Zsolnay Museum, but are also decorating numerous public spaces.
A plenitude of museums safeguards the town's historic remains in addition to the heritage buildings. Several contemporary fine arts collections enrich the list of things to see and do in the town, among which are galleries dedicated to world famous artists of Hungarian origin like Victor Vasarely or Amerigo Tot. (Source: vendégváró)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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