Photographer's Note

This complex is a masterpiece of Baroque Silesian architecture and a significant tourist destination. Built over centuries, the abbey - the biggest Cistercian abbey in the world. The Benedictines built the abbey and church of St. Jacob in 1150 but left before 1163.

In 1163, duke Bolesław I the Tall of the Silesian Piast dynasty invited Cistercians from Pforta over Saale River, (Thuringia) and settled them in Lubiąż as first ones in Silesia. From 1249 to 1844, the place held town privileges. The painter Michael Willmann was patronized by the abbey.

Cistercians were expelled from Lubiąż in 1810 by King Frederick William III of Prussia.

During World War II, the abbey was a place of secret research laboratories and manufacturing facilities, among others, for development of radar components (by Telefunken), housed a company named "Schlesische Werkstätten Dr. Fürstenau & Co., G.m.b.H.", and then saw production of engines for V1 and V2 rockets (among others, using prisoners for labour). At the end of the war, the abbey houses soldiers of the Red Army, and then a Russian military psychiatric hospital, with significant damage (e.g., wooden furnishings were burned in stoves). Decades of neglect followed.

Since 1989, the abbey is being renovated.

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Additional Photos by Aleksander Liebert (alexlie) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 368 W: 86 N: 775] (5359)
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