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Photographer's Note

The city of Tomar extends at feet of a hill, which puts on a fort, set up as 1160 by Gualdim Pais, master of the order of the Knight Templars.

At the beginning of the 12th century, in full Reconquest, the border between the Christians and the Moors passed in this place.The order of the Knight Templars, created in 1119 to Jerusalem, built a convent-fortress there, which became the head office of the order in Portugal.
In 1349, the pope Clement V, at the request of Philippe le Bel, ordered the dissolution of the order.
In Portugal, king Denis created then a new order: the Knights of the Christ. This order got back the possessions of the order of the Temple, and consisted of monks knights, among whom most were former Knight Templars.

The immense fortune of the order allowed to finance the Big Discoveries by equipping caravels, in veils struck by the emblem of the order, the big red cross. This wealth is translated to Tomar by the wealth of the decoration manueline.

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Additional Photos by hugues LEFEBVRE (hugolef) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 711 W: 197 N: 599] (4913)
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