Photographer's Note

Alba Carolina Citadel

After years of work and restoration, the Alba Carolina Citadel reveals its true value, welcoming you with all its gates open, more beautiful than ever. Get ready for a totally unconventional live lesson of history, lived by the side of the people and characters that have written and accomplished it, in the blessed places where the Alba Carolina Citadel breathes the air of history.

The Vauban-type citadel in Alba Iulia was intended to become the main fortress of Transylvania, all the more as is was built according to the newest fortification methods at the time, inspired by the systems conceived by the military French architect, Marshal Vauban. The fortification with bastions of Alba Iulia is defended by three systems of fortifications. They adopt the form of an irregular heptagon, the seven bastions conferring it the shape of a star, characteristic to citadels of that type.

The bastions of the citadel have nowadays the same names they had in the past: Trinity – the greatest bastion, which can be recognised by the crowned coat of arms with multiple fields and acanthus leaves – St. Stephen, Eugene of Savoy, St. Michael, St. Carol, St. Capistrano and St. Elizabeth.

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Additional Photos by Daniel Draghici (dkmurphys) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5849 W: 83 N: 11987] (79209)
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