Photographer's Note

I'm not sure whether to post this photo in Spain or in Portugal gallery. De jure, it can be arguable it's a Portuguese town. De facto it's under Spanish administration. The Portuguese call it Olivença, while the Spaniards spell Olivenza.
Olivença is a kind of inland Gibraltar, on reverse. The town and surrounding territory was occupied by Spain in 1801. Portugal has never acknowledged the Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza. Most of the monuments in Olivença were constructed when the city was Portuguese, namely some masterworks of the Manueline style.

About the sovereignty issue, let's quote a third party, the CIA's World Factbook, to put it in the simplest way. In "Transnational Issues" in both Spain and Portugal entries, they write:
"Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz."

For more information about Olivença / Olivenza:
Grupo dos Amigos de Olivença - in Portuguese, English, French, Spanish and Italian.
Dossier sobre Olivença - in Portuguese.
Olivenza - Olivença in Wikipedia - in English, with links to the pages in Catalonian, Spanish (Castilian), French, Italian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, and Finnish.
Olivença - Portugal Livre - in English and Portuguese.
Olivença - in Portuguese.
Olivenza - tourism, in Spanish and English.
All these sites have more links to other sites.

See also my other photos under the theme Olivença / Olivenza, including the Bridge of Ajuda.

TeresaT, paulosilva, riclopes, manatee, maloutim ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

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Additional Photos by Francisco Santos (xuaxo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4896 W: 319 N: 4862] (6854)
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