Photographer's Note

Princetown, the highest village within the Dartmoor National Park, and just about at its' heart.

At around 435 metres(1,430 feet)above sea level, it is the highest settlement on the moor and one of the highest in the U.K.

Originating in 1785, when Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt,secretary to the Prince of Wales, leased a large area of moorland from the Duchy of Cornwall estate, hoping to convert it into good farmland.

He encouraged people to live in the area and also suggested that a prison be built there.
He called the new settlement Princetown, after the Prince of Wales.

The prison, (the stark grey building to the right of the village) was built to house the thousands of captives of the Napoleonic Wars and the later War of 1812, as there were were too many prisoners to lodge in the prisons and prison-ships at Plymouth.
Dartmoor Prison was built in 1806 at a cost of £130,000.
At one time it had a capacity of between 7000 and 9000 prisoners.With the closing of the prison in 1816, the town almost collapsed, but the completion of the Dartmoor Railway in 1823 brought back many people to the granite quarries.The prison remained derelict until 1851, when it was re-opened for prisoners serving long sentences.

A calm sunny September day,unusual to be on Dartmoor with not a breath of wind!

Thanks for looking.

holmertz, pajaran, alvaraalto, snunney, jhm ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

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Additional Photos by Jean Dwyer (jean113) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 2136 W: 0 N: 6805] (26077)
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