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Photographer's Note

This is a district of Mountain Ash known as Darren-Las, the houses at the bottom of the image date from around 1870 with the uppermost being built at the start of the 20th century. To understand why these houses are built on such steep slopes you have to understand the geology and the part that industry played on the town.

The original Welsh name for Mountain Ash is Aberpennar which takes it's name from the brook that has it's confluence with the River Cynon just to the north west of the town. Here lies one of the southern most glacial features in the United Kingdom, a large terminal moraine. To the north the valley is wide and the slopes gentle but at Mountain Ash the valley takes on a characteristic V shape with steep sides.

The floor of the valley here is taken up with the coal industry that really gave birth to Mountain Ash. In 1810 the population was just a few dozen souls, by 1920 it had risen to 43,000. The crowed valley bottom was taken up by three major collieries* and two main line railways, there was no room for housing, the only alternative was to build on the steep mountain sides.

The collieries of Mountain Ash
Abergorki* 1919-1968
Deep Duffryn* 1850-1979
Wretched Level 1857-1891
Mercy Level 1857-1876
Glyngwyn Level 1893-1925
Little Pit (Pwll Bach) 1857-1880
Lower Duffryn 1850-1927 (an unlucky pit where 36 men lost their lives in explosions)
Jaci-Daw 1871-1914
Navigation Colliery* 1855-1940

There is only one deep mine left in Wales, the Tower Colliery at the head of the Cynon Valley.

This image was taken from my garden with the lens at maximum length. The new building is a nursing home.

icke, pasternak, Micheline, orme, anney, kala_way ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

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Additional Photos by Gerwyn Gibbs (gibbsy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 61 W: 0 N: 203] (1438)
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