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Photographer's Note

The Phrygians were a Iron Age people (9-6th centuries B.C.) that lived in mid Anatolia in modern Turkey. Their land was later overrun by Celts and, even though the Celtic tribes became the new lords of the area, they were too affected by the Phrygian culture, eventually joining them in their beliefs. Phrygia is a highland that reminded the Celts of their homelands in mid-Europe. Here the winter comes early, eventually snow covers the land, the nature dies, that leaves man time to think about the cosmos, then suddenly spring comes and flowers blossom, changing the counryside enormously. For this reason the most important god here in antiquity was Kybele - that is the Mother Goddess, and the modern name Cybil or Turkish Sibel comes from the goddess' name today. Mother Goddess being 'the nature' itself dies in winter, to be reborn in spring and is made fertile by her eternal lover Attis in Phrygian myths. In frenzy of mysterious ceremonies done in her honour the priests called Galli (from the Celts who were also known as Gal or Gauls - Galatlar in Turkish) would sometimes castrate themselves hoping to become honoured as Attis, who had in the myth castrated himself to fertilize the nature. The Goddess' high temple was in Pessinus (near modern Sivrihisar) where she was a meteorite stone' prismatic in shape, which was later carried to Rome in accordance with Cybillene (Kybelean!!!) Oracle and placed in the new temple there, which used to stand where Vatican is now. The cult also spread to Arabia in antiquity, and Kabe in Mecca was also another temple for Kybele before Islam. Even though the temple just like the one in Rome was cleaned of idols for true worships, all Muslims still pray in the direction of Kible - that is another derivation of the name of Kybele. Thus these two ancient Kybele temples remained sacred points for two most important beliefs of modern times.... and it all started in this area you see in the photo...

The photo illustrates one of the rock altars of Kybele, called "Bahsayis Monument" which is a corrupt form of Turkish "Bahceler İci", "inside the gardens".

In early 1930s a American lady, Ms. Haspels travelled in these areas with a horse and published these monuments in her "Highlands of Phrygia". She probably misunderstood the name of the area, but as it entered archaeology literature this way, it is repeated :)

The monument is on the direct highroad between Afyon and Eskisehir.

BurhanettinMasa ha contrassegnato questa nota come utile

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Tolga Tek (att) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 80 W: 53 N: 194] (1114)
  • Genre: Luoghi
  • Medium: Colore
  • Date Taken: 2009-05-16
  • Categories: Rovine
  • Esposizione: f/9.0, 1/320 secondi
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versione Foto: Versione Originale
  • Date Submitted: 2009-06-16 2:17
Viewed: 1866
Points: 0
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Additional Photos by Tolga Tek (att) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 80 W: 53 N: 194] (1114)
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