Photographer's Note

After Portuguese view from north of Scotland, now a bit of Greece :). The view of National Monument on Calton Hill in Edinburgh. As you can see, I had gorgeous time there.

The National Monument in the city of Edinburgh is Scotland's memorial to those who died fighting for the United Kingdom in the Napoleonic Wars.

The monument dominates the top of Calton Hill, just to the east of Edinburgh's New Town. It was designed by Charles Robert Cockerell and his collaborator William Henry Playfair and is modelled upon the Parthenon in Athens. Construction started in 1826, and the building is notable for being only partially completed.

As early as 1817, calls were made for the construction of a monument in Edinburgh to commemorate the fallen in the Napoleonic War. In January 1822, a proposal was put forward to 'erect a facsimile of the Parthenon' at a cost of some £42,000. The appeal found support amongst many prominent Edinburgh residents such as Sir Walter Scott, Henry, Lord Cockburn and Francis, Lord Jeffrey.
Originally, the building was planned to have extensive catacombs in the area supporting the main structure, possibly to provide a burial place for significant figures.
Sixteen months after the initial appeal, only £16,000 had been found with the possibility of a £10,000 grant from Parliament. In 1826, the building was finally commissioned and work began.
Particularly due to the use of high-quality materials, the project ended in 1829 with funds running out. Local legend suggests that the city of Glasgow apparently offered to cover the costs but Edinburgh was too proud to accept the other city's charity. As a result, the monument is often given the nickname Edinburgh's Disgrace or Edinburgh's Folly.

The city of Edinburgh was at the heart of the Scottish Enlightenment. Celebrities from across the continent would be seen in the city streets, among them famous Scots such as David Hume, Walter Scott, Robert Adam, David Wilkie, Robert Burns, James Hutton and Adam Smith. Edinburgh became a major cultural centre, earning it the nickname Athens of the North because of the Greco-Roman style of the New Town's architecture, as well as the rise of the Scottish intellectual elite who were increasingly leading both Scottish and European intellectual thought.

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 12740 W: 133 N: 32938] (151053)
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