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History Notes:
Ζάκυνθος, the third largest of the Ionian Islands, covers an area of 410 square kilometers and its coastline is roughly 123 kilometers in length. The island is named after Zacynthus, son of a legendary Arcadian chief Dardanus. The name, like all similar names ending in -nthos, is pre-Mycenaean or Pelasgian in origin.
Zakynthos was inhabited from the Neolithic Age, as some archaeological excavations have proved.

The famous ancient Greek poet and writer, Homer, first mentioned the island in his masterpieces, the Iliad and the Odyssey, stating that the first inhabitants of it were the son of King Dardanos of Troy called Zakynthos and his men and that they first came on the island around 1500-1600 BC.

The island was then conquered by the King Arkeisios of Kefalonia. The famous Ulysses (Odysseus in Greek) from Ithaca was the next King to conquer the island.

Later on, a treaty was signed that made Zakynthos an independent democracy, the first established in the Hellenic area, and that lasted more than 650 years.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Wojciech Kalita (wojteczek) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 53 W: 0 N: 11] (1194)
  • Genre: Luoghi
  • Medium: Colore
  • Date Taken: 2010-10-04
  • Categories: Natura
  • Esposizione: f/7.1
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versione Foto: Versione Originale
  • Date Submitted: 2011-02-01 11:37
Viewed: 2406
Points: 2
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