Photographer's Note

Hello friends and colleagues, today I propose another wonderful view of the Sierra de Grazalema with the evening light, taken from the Puerto del Boyar and which include formations Salto del Cabrero left and the saddle on the right, hope you like it, then some letters about this great Natural Park.

The Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park, with an area of ​​53,411 ha, is really a solid part of the westernmost tip of the Cordillera Subbética, composed of other subsierras (Sierra de Zafalgar, Pinar, Endrinal, Caíllo, etc.).

It is located between the northeast of the province of Cadiz and the northwest of the province of Malaga, including whole or in part to 14 municipalities, nine belonging to the province of Cádiz (El Bosque, Prado del Rey, Zahara de la Sierra, Olvera, Algodonales , El Gastor, Grazalema, Villaluenga del Rosario, Benaocaz and Ubrique) and 5 to the province of Malaga (Ronda, Montejaque, Benaojan, Jimera of Libar and Cortes de la Frontera).
Highlights being the place where the highest rate of rainfall in the Iberian Peninsula is recorded.

Of the External Zones of the Betic, the Sierra de Grazalema is part of geological Subbético whole. Within this, the Middle Subbético is mainly located north Boyar Corridor, covering the mountains of Pinar, Zafalgar, Blanquilla, etc. South of this, the Internal Subbético is located, covering the mountains of Endrinal, Caíllo, Sierra de Ubrique, etc. They are also represented allochthonous units of the Campo de Gibraltar.

The Subbético Medium, or northern sector, has plenty of loams and loamy against the absolute predominance of limestone in the southern sector, or with a difference Subbético landscape, dark and greyness in the first against white hues in the second.

The park is crossed by a set of parallel mountain ranges together ENE-WSW orientation, which follow the structural lines of the Cordillera Bética, separated by deep geologically remarkable depressions, with the exceptions of the Sierra del Pinar, orientation EO, Sierra Margarita, NS orientation, and other minor elevations in various orientations.
Its highest point is the peak of Pinar (or Torreón) with 1,654 meters in the Sierra del Pinar.

This massif is a real wall to procentes moisture-laden winds from the Atlantic Ocean. As a result they unload heavy rains. Thus, in some parts of the Sierra de Grazalema a rainfall exceeding 2,200 mm is recorded, being the wettest place in the southern half peninsular, despite the summer drought in the area.

They exist in this space three distinct strands together. The channels of the north flow into the Guadalete, one of the major rivers in the province of Cadiz, which has its birth in the Puerto del Boyar; while East do to Guadiaro, originating near Ronda and receive input from señeros channels as Gaduares and Guadalevin. Finally, the west side tributa all its waters to the Swamp of Ferrets, highlighting the contributions of Majaceite, Ubrique Tavizna and rivers.

The Sierra de la Silla.
It occupies a dominant position throughout the western sector of Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park, despite its moderate altitude, noting on the whole lower reliefs that surround it, such as depression Tavizna, the dam of the Hurons and Ubrique depression.
It is a calcareous alignment that reaches a height of 905 meters. Is striking silhouette area summits between the peak of the chair and Palmarejo, whose resemblance to a saddle chair is the name given to this mountain.

The orographic assembly formed by the Sierras Endrinal, Caíllo Sierra and Sierra de Ubrique.
It is at the heart of the mountains of the Natural Park and is noted for being perfectly defined by a series of structural escarpments of great unevenness as well as its relatively important altitudes. Among the sectors escarpment that delimit noted for their peculiar form the "Salto del Cabrero" and "The Saltadero" two deep gorges produced by an extensional fracturing systems perpendicular open faults folds, which have led to the breaking away of several sectors of the limestone massif by the collapse of the central block.

He stresses the depression known as "La Manga de Villaluenga" one of the most striking and admired places of the Natural Park. It is a long structural depression NE-SW direction which coincides with the dominant alignment of these mountains. Structurally, it corresponds to a chest depression syncline delimited by broken folds forming the almost vertical sides of the valley. In the bottom of it you can see some ways modeling karst features as small Polje and sinkholes that occupy the deeper areas, where the great gulf of Villaluenga.

The plains or areas of peaks of the Sierra del Endrinal have a great landscape, geomorphological and didactic interest, as the sector Natural Park where the greatest density and diversity of forms of karstic modeling, from the different types of sinkholes to small Polje, being also the area where most strongly appreciate the nivokársticas forms inherited from the cold periods of the Quaternary: nival niches accumulation nivales small depressions, gelifracts deposits, nivokársticas depressions with old snow wells, etc.

Other specific enclaves that stand between these sets, for its panoramic views over large sections of the Natural Park, as are the ports of Boyar and Las Palomas.
Source: Wikipedia.

Model: NIKON D3100
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 10/8000 sec
F-Stop: f/8.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 48 mm
Date Taken: 2014-12-19 17:56
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 224 k

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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 5753 W: 5 N: 12577] (61504)
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